This advice has been compiled from Public Health England
- Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19
- How COVID-19 is spread
- Preventing Spread of COVID-19
Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19
The following symptoms may develop in the 14 days after exposure to someone who has COVID-19 infection:
- difficulty in breathing
Generally, these infections can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people, and those with long-term conditions like diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease.
Stay at Home if you have Coronavirus Symptoms
Stay at home for 7 days if you have either:
- a high temperature – you feel hot to touch on your chest or back
- a new, continuous cough – this means you’ve started coughing repeatedly
Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital.
You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you’re staying at home.
Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you’re staying at home.
How COVID-19 is Spread
There are 2 main routes by which people can spread COVID-19:
- infection can be spread to people who are nearby (within 2 metres) or possibly could be inhaled into the lungs. This is the most likely method of transmission.
- it is also possible that someone may become infected by touching a surface, object or the hand of an infected person that has been contaminated, and then touching their own mouth, nose, or eyes (such as touching door knob or shaking hands then touching own face)
Preventing Spread of COVID-19
There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus.
There are general principles anyone can follow to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including:
- washing your hands often – with soap and water, or use alcohol sanitiser if handwashing facilities are not available. This is particularly important after taking public transport
- covering your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throwing the tissue in a bin. See Catch it, Bin it, Kill it
- avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands
- avoid close contact with people who are unwell
- people who feel unwell should stay at home and should not attend youth services
All those attending youth services should wash their hands:
- before leaving home
- on arrival
- after using the toilet
- after breaks and shared / sporting activities
- before food preparation
- before eating any food, including snacks
- before leaving the service
If you are worried about your symptoms or those of a child or young person, please call NHS 111. Do not go directly to your GP or other healthcare environment.
What is social distancing
Social distancing measures are steps you can take to reduce social interaction between people. This will help reduce the transmission of coronavirus (COVID-19).
They are to:
- Avoid contact with someone who is displaying symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19). These symptoms include high temperature and/or new and continuous cough
- Avoid non-essential use of public transport when possible
- Work from home, where possible. Your employer should support you to do this. Please refer to employer guidance for more information
- Avoid large and small gatherings in public spaces, noting that pubs, restaurants, leisure centres and similar venues are currently shut as infections spread easily in closed spaces where people gather together.
- Avoid gatherings with friends and family. Keep in touch using remote technology such as phone, internet, and social media
- Use telephone or online services to contact your GP or other essential services
Everyone should be trying to follow these measures as much as is practicable.
We strongly advise you to follow the above measures as much as you can and to significantly limit your face-to-face interaction with friends and family if possible, particularly if you:
- are over 70
- have an underlying health condition
- are pregnant
This advice is likely to be in place for some weeks. For more information please see thePublic Health website
What is self-isolation and why is it important?
Self-isolation is about protecting others and slowing down the spread of COVID-19. It is very important that anyone who has the virus, or might have been exposed to it, limits the number of people they come into contact with for 14 days. This is the most effective way of preventing the coronavirus from spreading.
If you are asked to self-isolate, it is important that you follow the advice which is there to help keep you, your loved ones, and your community safe.
Self-isolation may seem tricky at first, but across the country, hundreds of people have already successfully done it. If you have been advised to self-isolate by a health professional or through official Government advice, all the instructions you need to follow are available on the NHS website and the tips in this blog should help to make things easier.
For more information about the following check out the Public Health Website
- Who needs to self-isolate?
- What does self-isolating mean?
- What if I get symptoms/what if my condition changes?
- How do I get food or supplies?
- I live with other people, how do I self-isolate?
- I am finding this hard, what should I do?